Sociologický časopis
Czech sociological review

VYDÁVÁ SOCIOLOGICKÝ ÚSTAV AV ČR, v.v.i.

← Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review 1/2010

Tomáš Konečný, Josef Basl, Jan Mysliveček:
Alternative Models of Entrance Exams and Access to Tertiary Education: A Simulation Study [43]

Konečný, Tomáš, Josef Basl, Jan Mysliveček. 2010. „Přechod mezi střední a vysokou školou a role různých modelů přijímacích řízení.“ Sociologický časopis / Czech Sociological Review 46 (1): 43-72

Abstract: The study evaluates the potential impact of alternative models of university entrance exams – a model based on field-specific knowledge and a model relying on general aptitude tests – in the context of the Czech education system since 1998, a system that can be described as highly stratified and suffering from a notable excess of demand for higher education over supply. Using the dataset Sonda Maturant 1998, the authors show that entrance exams based on general aptitude tests may outperform the field-specific knowledge model in terms of providing access to talented students from a lower socioeconomic background. The simulations show that under the general aptitude regime the relative chances of an applicant with a university-educated father are only one-quarter higher than the relative chances of a student with a less educated father, compared to more than a one-third difference in the case of the regime emphasising field-specific knowledge. For mother’s education, the respective odds ratios differ by the even larger margin of 28 percentage points.

Keywords: higher education, entrance exams, educational equity, Czech Republic.

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